Mitchell is the recipient of numerous awards and other honors, including, in 2004, the Hans Oeschger Medal bestowed by the European Geosciences Union (EGU), in recognition of his “[p]ioneer research in using atmosphere-ocean general circulation models to understand natural and anthropogenic influences on climatic changes,”[6] and, in 2010, the Symons Gold Medal bestowed every other year by the Royal Meteorological Society. Moreover, Broecker is the discoverer of the global ocean conveyor belt, a deep-ocean circulation system driven by temperature and salinity, which connects all three of the world’s major oceans. Richard Lindzen, an MIT atmospheric physicist and one of the world's leading climatologists, summarizes the science behind climate change. In 1978, Mitchell became Head of what later became the Met Office’s Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research. He received his Ph.D. in geophysics from the University of Tokyo in 1958. He has received numerous awards, prizes, and other honors, including the American Physical Society’s Leo Szilard Award for Outstanding Promotion and Use of Physics for the Benefit of Society (2007) and NASA’s Distinguished Service Medal (2013). Here's how. When Bengtsson voiced his displeasure over the rejection of his paper, and mainstream scientists noticed his new affiliation with the GWPF, intense pressure was brought to bear, both in public and behind the scenes, to force Bengtsson to recant his criticism of the journal in question and to resign from the GWPF. 11. Scientists say climate change is making fires worse in the American West. The enormity of global warming can be daunting and dispiriting. He has also been one of the most tireless defenders of the mainstream view on climate change in the popular and political arena; to this end, he has given government testimony, co-founded the RealClimate.org website, and written a great many essays, book reviews, op-ed pieces, and other articles aimed at a broad public. Transcript. Climate change, the periodic modification of Earth’s climate caused by atmospheric changes and the atmosphere’s interactions with geologic, chemical, biological, and geographic factors. He holds a Ph.D. (1958) in geology from Columbia University. Solomon was born in Chicago, Illinois, in 1956. He is currently Professor and Chair of the Racah Institute of Physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Perhaps Mann’s single most famous scientific contribution has been his famous “hockey stick” graph. She has taught at the University of Wisconsin, Purdue University, Pennsylvania State University, the University of Colorado at Boulder, and Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech). First, in work done during the 1980s with his student Maureen Raymo and others, he conjectured that the tectonic uplift of the Himalaya Mountains and the Tibetan Plateau during the late Cenozoic era (roughly three million years ago) caused a reduction in atmospheric CO2 due to an increase in chemical weathering. Colleagues are withdrawing their support, other colleagues are withdrawing from joint authorship etc. Ruddiman, M.C. Jones is currently Professorial Fellow in the School of Environmental Sciences at the University of East Anglia. James E. Hansen and Satoshi Matsushima, “The Atmosphere and Surface Temperature of Venus: A Dust Insulation Model,” Astrophysical Journal, 1967, 150: 1139 — 1157. In 1988, he catapulted into the national limelight as a result of testimony he gave before the US Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee that is widely considered a turning point in the history of climate change as a public policy issue. Christy has not been shy about publicizing his views, making many of the same points in an op-ed piece he published with a colleague in 2014 in the Wall Street Journal. 21. The Climate Threat We Can Beat: What It Is and How to Deal With It. What can one person, or even one nation, do on their own to slow and reverse climate change… Ruddiman is the author or co-author of some 140 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters, as well as the author, co-author, or editor of some dozen books, journal special issues, and technical reports. 22. What should I study?”. Writing on her blog in 2015 about her most-recent Congressional testimony, Curry summarized her position as follows: The wickedness of the climate change problem provides much scope for disagreement among reasonable and intelligent people. [11] If correct, this would mean that the creation of the Himalayas was a major causal factor in the Cenozoic Cooling phenomenon, a previously known climatic event which led to our most recent series of Ice Ages. He is also the author of three books aimed at a popular audience (see below). Curry was drummed out of academia for expressing in public her reservations about some of the more extreme claims being made by mainstream climate scientists. The interaction of thermally excited gravity waves with mean flows. 3. Climate scientists study the climate system, including the statistics of the Earth's temperature (top) and precipitation (bottom). He was co-leader of the team, known as the Indian Ocean Experiment, that was assembled during the 1990s to study this issue, which he believes has contributed to changes in the pattern of the monsoon phenomenon characteristic of the Indian subcontinent. website, April 15, 2015). 4. 5. He is currently Distinguished Professor of Atmospheric Science and Director of the Earth System Science Center at the University of Alabama in Huntsville. [2] Beginning in 1981 and continuing throughout most of the '80s, he worked on global temperature analysis, co-authoring a landmark paper 1987 that demonstrated the feasibility of combining meteorological data from widely separated stations to explain long-term patterns in weather variability. Discover schools with the programs and courses you’re interested in, and start learning today. This list of climate scientists contains famous or otherwise notable persons who have contributed to the study of climate science. After undergraduate and graduate work in physics and geology, he obtained his Ph.D. in geophysics in 1998 from Yale University. In a 2014 paper published with several collaborators, Ramanathan suggested that reducing methane, carbonaceous aerosol particles (soot), ozone, and hydrofluorocarbons in the atmosphere  — even leaving carbon dioxide to one side  — could still significantly slow the expected rise in sea level due to global warming. Other areas of his research include work on palaeoclimatology, the temperature record of the past 1000 years, and means of detection of climate change (including proxy climate reconstructions). We are the cause. Effectively responding to the possible threats from a warmer climate is made very difficult by the deep uncertainties surrounding the risks both from the problem and the proposed solutions. Surabi Menon, James Hansen, Larissa Nazarenko, and Yunfeng Luo, “Climate Effects of Black Carbon Aerosols in China and India,” Science, 2002, 297(5590): 2250 — 2253. However, Mann has been stalwart in defending the integrity of his methodology and the fundamental correctness of the graph, and many other climate scientists from around the world have sprung to his and the graph’s defense, as well. John Christy, “No consensus on IPCC’s level of ignorance” (BBC website, November 13, 2007). We continue to read about it every day in the newspapers, in an unceasing stream of books pouring from the presses, and not least of all, online. FACT: Carbon dioxide, a byproduct of fossil-fuel combustion, is a greenhouse gas, which traps solar radiation in the atmosphere. 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