Both the nymphs and adults are destructive. The adults and the nymphs suck the sap from leaves and cause yellowish spots which, together with the black scale-like excreta deposited by them, impart a characteristic mottled appearance to the infested leaves. Non-chemical Pest Management on Eggplant Recommended practices . i) The insect affected part should be clipped along with insect and destroyed any fruit with holes should be picked and destroyed. Insect pest of brinjal 1. Grubs of all the three species are about 6 mm long, yellowish in colour and have six rows of long branched spines. (iv) Spray 3-4 times at 2-week interval using 250-300 litres of water per ha with any one of the following insecticides as soon as the attack starts: (a) Organophosphcites: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of eight botanical extracts on pest control in brinjal field. The insect affected fruits becomes unfit for consumption. The egg plants are also affected by mite, Jassids, Aphids and Mealy bug. Technical Name: Leucinodes orbonalis Family: Pyralidae Order: Lepidoptera 2. Eggplant disease and cureIn this video I will show you the organic way to caring a eggplant. To control this pest is by hand picking the caterpillars and destroying the infected fruit. The nature of damage and control measures of nematode is same as for potato nematode. This insect can effectively be controlled by spraying crop with Endosulphan, (Thioden -35 EC) or Phentrothion (Sumithion-50 EC)@ 2 ml or Fenthion. In this episode of Annadata, viewers will know about timely pest control in brinjal crop. Huge Collection of Essays, Research Papers and Articles on Agriculture in India shared by visitors and users like you. The main cause of this disease is high soil, moisture and moderate temperature with high humidity levels during the rainy season. Control measures. Plagiarism Prevention 5. Report a Violation 11. INTRODUCTION. Eggplant lace bug, Gargaphia solani Heidemann, Tingidae, HEMIPTERA. The pupae are darker and are found fixed on the leaves, stems and, most commonly, at the base of the plants. Eggplant Lace Bugs . E. demurili beetles have a dull appearance and are light copper-coloured. In spite of all the scientific studies, release of Bt Brinjal has been put under moratorium. One of the most obvious of the eggplant pests is the leaf-eating Colorado potato beetle. Beetles of all the three species are about 8-9 mm in length and 5-6 mm in width. Damage is caused by the caterpillars which measure about 20-22 mm in length, when full- grown. Adult – The prothorax (area behind the head) of this gray and light brown bug has a hood-like projection which extends out over the body and comes to a point over the wings. The pest is most abundant in August-September. (i) Collect and destroy the infested leaves along with insects in the initial stages. (Eulophidae) parasitize the larvae, and Pediobius foveolatus (J.C. Crawford) (Eulophidae) parasitize the pupae. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article in Hindi to learn about how to control pests of brinjal. When the terminal shoots are attacked, the growing points are killed. The life-cycle is completed in 35-76 days and the pest has 5-6 overlapping generations in a year. and Chrysonotomyia appannai L. (Eulophidae) while Pleurotropis epilachnae Rohw., P. foveolatus C., Chrysocharis johnsoni S. Rao, Solindenia vermai Bhet and Tetrastichus sp. Eggplant or brinjal (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia where it is attacked by brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) (Leucinodes orbonalis). The pupal stage lasts 6-17 days and the life-cycle is completed in 20-43 days during the- active season. The eggs hatch in 3-6 days and the young caterpillars bore into tender shoots near the growing points into flower buds or into the fruits. Beetles. The eggs hatch in 3-10 days and the young larvae feed for a few minutes on exposed parts of plants before boring into the stem where they feed on the pith by making longitudinal tunnels. The insect passes through 8 overlapping generations in a year. Recommended Pest Control for Brinjal. A short pinkish caterpillar bores into the terminal shoot and eats internal tissue; it bores into the young fruit … Their bodies taper posteriorly. The field must be sprayed with 0.5 ml of Phosphamidon (demicron-100 EC) or 1 ml of Diochlorovos (Sumthion-50 Ecfolilhion-50 EC) in one litre of water every two weeks. Crop rotation is an important strategy for managing bacterial wilt, Phytophthora blight, and southern blight because the pathogens survive in soil. ii) The affected crops should be sprayed with phosphamidon (demicron-100 EC) @.0.5 ml or diochlorovos (Sumthion-50 Ecfolilhion-50 ECc) @1 ml per litter of water at fortnightly interval or spraying with carbaryl 0.20% or Monocrotophos 0.05%. Insecticides of same group should not be used repeatedly in order to avoid development of pesticide resistance and appearance of secondary pests. The stem-borer is a minor pest of brinjal and is widely distributed in India. Generally in brinjal fruit, shoot borers, white flies, jassids and mites are major threat and application of pesticides showed effective control of these insect pests [9-11]. The damage is done by the caterpillars which are creamy white when young, but light pink when full-grown. Host plants. The withered plants should be uprooted and burnt. Insect Pest Control in Brinjal Cultivation Insect Pests of Brinjal: 1) Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer: It is one of the major and serious insect pests of brinjal. If you don’t have enough space to plant eggplants away from standing crops, cover them with nylon mesh, preventing the entry of pests. Rotating your crop each year prevents pests that overwinter in the soil, reducing insect populations. They suck the sap from the leaves and in severe cases the whole plantation looks yellowish and leaves drop down prematurely. BRINJAL FRUIT & SHOOT BORER (LEUCINODES ORBONALIS) LURE | PEST CONTROL INDIA. Content Guidelines 2. They consist of various colors and sizes, all of which can add unique flavor to many recipes or … Terms of Service 7. Eggs are parasitized by Tetrastichus ovulorum Ferr. Insect Pest Control in Brinjal Cultivation. Field Management (Pest Control): Chemical: Spray with 5% NSKE or 5 ml Cypermethrin 25 EC or 10 ml carbosulfan in 10 lits of water or 0.05 % monocrotophos or 0.2% carbaryl or dusting 10% carbaryl dust @ 20 kg /ha. The bugs live for 30-40 days and lay 35-44 shining white nipple-shaped eggs singly in the tissues on the underside of the leaves. DESCRIPTION. Control: (i) Remove and destroy all the affected shoots and fruits with borers inside. The grubs feed on the lower epidermis of leaves and are full-grown in 17.8, 8.7 and 7.1 days at 25, 30 and 35°C, respectively. It resumes activity during March-April and lays yellow cigar-shaped eggs, mostly on the underside of leaves, in batches of 5-40 each. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. When the attack is severe, about 50 per cent of the crop may be destroyed. The full-grown nymphs are about 2 mm long and 1.35 mm broad. This pest is active from March to October and passes the winter as a hibernating caterpillar in the stems of old plants. The parasitoids associated with larvae of this pest are Pristomerus testaceus Mori, and Cremastus flavoorbitalis Cam. Because, biorational insecticides have the low toxic ... 4 Effect of botanical extracts opposed to sucking pest attack on brinjal leaves 15 5 . They grow through five stages and transform themselves into adults in 10-23 days. Besides brinjal, it has also been recorded feeding on many other solanaceous plants and occasionally on the green pods of peas also. Chemical control is widely used means of managing insect pests in brinjal. 250 ml of fenvalerate 20EC, 100 ml of permethrin 50EC, 500 ml of cypermethrin 10EC, 400 ml of decamethrin 2.8EC. Considering their abundance, H. vigintioctopunctata is the most important. Copyright 10. i. (iv) Spray 3-4 times at 2-week interval using 250-300 litres of water per ha with any one of the following insecticides as soon as the attack starts: Two litres of quinalphos 25EC, 1.4 litres of monocrotophos 36SL, 1.25 litres of triazophos 40EC. Brinjal Pests and Diseases (Eggplant): Let us discuss today Brinjal Pests and Diseases, symptoms, and their control methods.. Diseases of Brinjal: Damping off: This disease causes severe damage to the plants. Accordingly, water extracts of dried leaves of Khuksa (Ficus hispida), Chotra (Lantana sp. Ladybugs can be used to control mites. (iii) Do not ratoon the brinjal crop. PCI ₹ 720; Quantity. To make a plan for you to grow a healthy crop, … "Bt brinjal has been modified to produce an unknown chimeric insecticide toxin. They turn brown, dry up and fall off and completely skeletonize the plants. (iii) Spray 625 ml of malathion 50EC or 2.5 kg of carbaryl 50WP in 325 litres of water per ha, at 10 day intervals as soon as the pest appears. Common Problems. The beetle and grab feed on the leaves and other tender parts leading to a considerable reduction in the .yield of the egg plant. Lacebugs are brown with transparent, lacelike veins in the wings and are about ¼ inch in length. (Braconidae). The pests are small, black or brown beetles that lay their eggs around the bases of eggplants. Bt brinjal could effectively control the target pest and was found to be safe for environment and human health. A short pinkish caterpillar bores into the terminal shoot and eats internal tissue; it bores into the young fruit through the calyx .leaving on visible sings of infestation. They are creamy white and have a few bristly hairs. A pale white caterpillar bore into the stem and kills the plant Control measures: Same as for brinjal fruit and shoot borer. This pest of brinjal fruits and shoots is widely distributed in Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan, Germany and East Africa. Hand picking of egg and larval is the best method of, controlling this pest if infestation is only in few plants. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Besides brinjal, the pest is also known to infest potato, bitter gourd, pea pods, cucurbits etc. The caterpillars feed exclusively in the main stem and have never been observed to bore into the fruits. The fore wings are ornamented with a number of black, pale and light brown spots. The moths are active at night when they mate and lay cream-coloured scale like eggs singly or in batches on the underside of young leaves or in the axils of young branches. The larvae grow through 5 stages and are full- fed in 9-28 days. Total 2,23,093 farmers are using NaPanta for their farming activities as on 10-01-2021. Flea beetles are a major eggplant pest. Interval, The mites can be controlled by spraying the crop with Dicophol (KeIthane-18.5EC ) @ 2 ml or Morocite-40 EV @ 1 rnl per litter of water. Damage is caused by the beetles as well as by the grubs. The damage caused by this insect is very characteristic. The moths measure about 32 mm across the spread wings and have pale-yellow abdomens. (i) When the attack of this borer is serious, the ratooning of brinjal plants should be discontinued. control insect pest by different biorational approaches rather than conventional insecticide and to give emphasize on biorational approaches. The eggs hatch in 5, 3.3 and 2.9 days at 25, 30 and 35°C, respectively. When available, the latter are preferred to the other parts and one caterpillar may destroy as many as 4-6 fruits. Both the adults and grubs cause damage by feeding on the upper surface of leaves. Among pests brinjal shoot and fruit borer is highly monophagous and destructive which necessitates the grower to go in for 30 - 40 rounds of sprays. A single female may lay 104-363 eggs in its life span of about a week. Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics.The brinjal, eggplant or Aubergine (French name) has originated in the Indian sub-continent and China (Thompson and Kelly, 1957; Purewal, 1957; Martin and Rhodes, 1979).Brinjal is an important vegetable crop of the Far East, Bangladesh, India, China and the Philippines. These insects except mites can effectively be controlled by spraying the crops with Methyl parathion (Metacid 50 EC) or Oxidemiton methyl (Metassystox 25 EV) @ 1 ml or Malathion-50 EC @ 2ml per litter of water at fortnightly. The head and thorax are greyish, the fore wings are pale straw-yellow and the hind wings are whitish. Except for brinjal, it has not been recorded feeding on any other plant. Indian government has constituted an expert committee to address this issue. The overwintered larvae pupate at the beginning of March and emerge as moths in the second half of the month. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of eight botanical extracts on pest control in brinjal field. Healthy eggplants have unblemished leaves, which are green in color and fruits that are shiny and smooth. Yield losses in Bangladesh have been reported up to 86% and farmers rely primarily on frequent insecticide applications to reduce injury. The pest is active from April to October and hibernates as an adult from November-March in cracks and crevices in the soil under the brinjal plants or other protected places. 1. The moth measures about 20-22 mm across the spread wings. The larvae are parasitized by Pristomerus testaceus Mori, and P. euzopherae Vier (Ichneumonidae). A single female can lay up to 400 eggs in her lifetime. Beetles of H. dodecastigma are deep copper-coloured and have six black spots on each elytron whose tip is more rounded. If the leaves on your eggplant show signs of webbing, small spots or are turning yellow, you may have an infestation of spider mites. Farmer brothers, today we are going to give complete information about Eggplant Disease and Control, if you want to know all about eggplant pest control then definitely read it.. Brinjal, like other vegetables, is considered one of the main vegetables, and brinjal is cultivated all year round and if it comes to higher yields, the hot climate is considered to be the best. H. vigintioc-topunctata beetles are deep red and usually have 7-14 black spots on each elytron whose tip is somewhat pointed. As a result of their attack in the field, stray plants are seen withering and drying up. The pest is active throughout the year. Biology Yellowish, elongated cigar-shaped eggs are laid in batches, generally on lower surface of leaves, with their tips pointing upwards. The caterpillars hibernate in winter and pupate early in spring. They eat up regular areas of the leaf tissue, leaving parallel bands of uneaten tissue in between. Differences between Traditional and Ideotype Breeding. The lace-wing bug is distributed in the north­western parts of the Indian Sub-continent and is common in the plains. They are pale ochraceous and are stoutly built, with very prominent spines. Hence safer insect pest control may be possible by bio-pesticides application [11]. Besides brinjal, the pest is also known to infest potato, bitter gourd, pea pods, cucurbits etc. On the pronotum and wings, there is a network of markings and veins. Egg Plant Fruit Borer is one of the most destructive pest on Eggplant in south & southeast Asia. It is one of the major and serious insect pests of brinjal. It passes the winter as a hibernating adult among heaps of dry plants or in cracks and crevices in the soil. The mature larvae come out of their feeding tunnels and pupate in tough silken cocoons among the fallen leaves. Privacy Policy 9. Strategies for Managing Diseases in Eggplant. Control measures; 1. Eggplant is a commonly grown warm-season vegetable noted for its great flavor, egg shape and dark violet color. The moth is white but has pale brown or black spots on the dorsum of the thorax and abdomen. All Rights Reserved. Throughout this field guide you will find suggestions for stopping or lessening the pests’ population before they have control over your eggplant field. The pest passes through several broods from March to October and its population is at a maximum at the end of April or in early May. When full-grown, they make silken cocoons within the feeding galleries or in the cracks and crevices in the soil. (Ichneumonidae), Bracon sp., Shirakia schoenobii Vier and Iphiaulax sp. They measure about 18-23 mm in length. Insect Pest Control in Brinjal Cultivation Insect Pests of Brinjal: 1) Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer: It is one of the major and serious insect pests of brinjal. ii. They pass through 4 or 5 stages and are full-fed in 26-58 days. Another species, Epilachna demurili, attacks cucurbitaceous vegetables exclusively. Also, Bt brinjal is resistant to antibiotics, at least the well-known kanamycin," he explained. During the hot and dry months, the number declines greatly but the population again builds up in August. Instead, an improper Cry1Ac toxin was used because this control was easier. In addition, eggplant is a sun loving plant and should be positioned in an area that receives full sunlight. "Leaf extract of nirgundi and mix solution of 10 gram of hing in 1 L and then 5 L of cow usrine and sprayed over affected crops for preventing wheat and paddy crops from insect pests. 1-4 and Shankar Vijai have shown resistance to this insect. Two species of hadda beetles, viz., Henosepilachna dodecastigma and H. vigintioctopunctata, attack different solanaceous vegetables like brinjal, tomato and potato. Caterpillar are creamy white when young, but become light pink when full grown. The eggs hatch in 3-12 days and the young nymphs feed gregariously on the lower surface of the leaves, but the fully-developed nymphs are found feeding and moving about individually on the lower surface as well as on the upper surface. It may also attack chillies (Capsicum annum L.), potato and tomato plants. Several other varieties can be grown in the home garden as well. While lace bugs cause damage by foraging on eggplant leaves, they only create substantial damage when large populations exist. Damage to the fruits, particularly in the autumn, is very severe and it is not uncommon to see the whole of the crop destroyed by the borers. The pupal stage lasts 13.4, 6.7 and 5.1 days at 25, 30 and 35°C, respectively. (Lebacid-IOOO EC) or Thiomiton (Ekatin-25 EC )@ I ml per litre of water. © 2021 - Agriculture. The experiment was conducted in randomized block design with 7 treatments and 4 replications, to evaluate the performance of some botanical products against the pest complex of brinjal… The genetically modified eggplant known as Bt brinjal provides dramatic control of its most serious insect pest in Asia and eliminates the need for insecticides, according to results just published by scientists in the prestigious open-access online journal PLoS ONE. (ii) Four sprays of 500 ml of malathion 50EC or 315 ml of dichlorvos 100 EC in 325 litres of water per ha should be given at 15- day intervals. There are five overlapping generations in a year. Content Filtration 6. A short pinkish caterpillar bores into the terminal shoot and eats internal tissue; it bores into the young fruit through the calyx .leaving on visible sings of […] Learn about the pests that damage brinjal and its control. The moths appear in March-April and during their life span of 2-5 days, lay 80-120 creamy white eggs, singly or in batches of 2-4 on the underside of leaves, on green stem, flower buds or the calyces of fruits. (ii) Avoid continuous cropping of brinjal crop. (ii) Avoid continuous cropping of brinjal crop. Adults overwinter in plant debris. The adult bugs measure about 3 mm in length and are straw coloured on the dorsal side and black on the ventral side. PAS 2: Insect Pest Control in Brinjal Cultivation,Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Bore,Brinjal Stem Borer,Leaf Eating Beetle. The life cycle and mode of damage of the three species of hadda beetles are very similar. A small (3–5 mm), winged insect that dwells and feeds on the underside of eggplant leaves, the eggplant lace bug has an oblong appearance with lace-like wings. Eggplant Lacebug. The leaves, thus, present a lace-like appearance. Your email address will not be published. Continuous cropping of brinjal and potato should be avoided and resistant varieties if … Removal and destruction of affected shoot … Uploader Agreement. Among the major constraints in economic cultivation of brinjal, pest infestation causes heavy losses. The large holes asually seen on the fruits are the exist holes of caterpillar. (ii) Varieties like Arkashirsh, Hissar, Sel. Essays, Research Papers and Articles on Agriculture in India, Pests of Sunnhemp and Its Control | Agriculture, Pests of Safflower and Its Control | Agriculture, How to Control Pests with Chemicals? It is a common pest of various cultivated plants, including potato, brinjal, Luffa sp., Lagenaria sp., and other cucurbitaceous plants. Continuous cropping of brinjal and potato should be avoided and resistant varieties if available should be cultivated, 2. Image Guidelines 4. Also, plant your eggplant seedlings away from other crops that might spread pests. Avoid planting eggplant where tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, or eggplant (all members of the Solanaceae family) were planted within the last three years. In the toxicity tests on target and non-target insects, this chimeric toxin was not used. | Agriculture. Adults live for 2-3 days. Add to Cart. The bug has a dark head, pale yellow legs, and two pairs of lace-like wings which are black at the base. Each of their elytron bears six black spots surrounded by yellowish rings. Growing vegetables in the garden provides fresh, healthy produce but requires knowledgeable pest and disease management for an abundant crop. A waiting period of 7 days should be observed after the spray. Its wings are white with a pinkish or bluish tinge and are ringed with small hair along the apical and anal margins. Coverage of the foliage (under-side of leaves) must be thorough in order for best control of aphids. (i) Remove and destroy all the affected shoots and fruits with borers inside. Lal, Chaman and Verma, L R., Use of certain bio-products for insect-pest control, IJTK, 05(1), 2006, 79-82." Basic requirements Eggplants are warm-season crops which require a long growing season.They grow best in regions where the daytime temperature is between 26 and 32°C (80–90°F) and night time temperatures around 21°C (70°F). Apply one litre of dimethoate 30EC in 325 litres of water per ha. Disclaimer 8. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. (Gargaphia solani) is an occasional minor pest of eggplant in Maryland. 3-4 weeks after transplanting and second application after 15 days controls the pest … Crop Rotation. After pupation, they transform themselves into adults in 6-8 days. Agriculture, Vegetables, Brinjal, Pests, Pests of Brinjal and Its Control. Prohibited Content 3. Organic Turmeric Planting, Growing, Harvesting Techniques, Sugarcane Farming Project Report, Cost and Profit, Growing Shatavari, and Cultivation Practices, Economics, Rohu Fish Farming Project Report, Economics of Rohu, Kuroiler Chicken Breed Profile, and Characteristics, Garlic Cultivation Project Report, Crop Economics, Brahma Chicken Breed Profile, Characteristics, Cubalaya Chicken Breed Profile, Characteristics. H. dodecastigma are deep red and usually have 7-14 black spots surrounded by yellowish rings all three... Base of the month pale brown or black spots on each elytron tip! As well from March to October and passes the winter as a result of attack! Number declines greatly but the population again builds up in August hair along apical... To the other parts and one caterpillar may destroy as many as 4-6 fruits, 6.7 and days. Eggplant seedlings away from other crops that might spread pests is also to. 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