They had a small displacement at 682 tons but had a powerful armament, with a 4.7 in main gun (120 mm), the rest being anti-TB artillery of small caliber. All were broken up in 1933-35. The four others were scuttled at Toulon on November 27, 1942. French World War II destroyers. Their superior firing arc was mediocre, and their shields were later removed. Numerous destroyers of several different but similar designs were commissioned during the inter-war years. The Adroit was sunk by He-111 bombers May 21, 1940, off Dunkirk, but her crew managed to reach the beach, integrated 1st Division unit and continued fighting until the city fell. Destroyer Guepard -ONI203 booklet for identification of ships of the French Navy -PD (cc). Repaired, she then went to Bizerte, where she was sunk by an Allied raid in May 1943. Required fields are marked *. War reparation destroyers Another topic that was full of references for early interwar naval design, was to obtain many ex-German destroyers in 1920, following the Versailles treaty application. The American tank destroyer was a self-propelled, powerful, anti-tank cannon suited for direct fire against enemy tanks. These “squadron leaders” had been designed to led squadrons of contemporary “Bourrasque” destroyers, but were armed with an longer range 130 mm guns and could sustain 35 knots, their range also being greater, as well as their AA artillery (at the time). The Parsons turbines of some of them had to deplore repeated failures during their career. It was designed along the lines of the Italian torpedo boats of that time, but due to its size and speed of 34.5 knots, the class is considered a light destroyer, or destroyer escort. The “pseudo-turrets” were part of a 1934 electrically powered, gun-mount set. Their completion to Italian standards was never really completed before the Italian surrender. Until the end of the war, only 19 additional ships were completed, and 15 of all destroyers survived the war. (DD-7) Hull 8. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Author’s illustration of the Mogador in march 1938, in operation on Spanish coast. The Royal Navy then needed new ships quickly to increase numbers, replace losses and exploit experience and so design became simplified and cheaper to produce, with greater anti-ai… Excellent steamers, they were able to easily sustain 34 knots by a gale ââforce 4. (DD-11) Perry 12. In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller, powerful, short-range attackers. (DD-1) Bainbridge 2. These ships were destroyers of the French navy or Free French navy serving in World War II. Their 130 mm guns of the 1919 model had good range and precision but a low rate of fire with 5 bursts per minute. (DD-16) Worden 17. Five of these ships survived the war and were scrapped soon after. Maximum operational speed 39 knots.Armour: 20 mm pieces under masksArmament: 8 pieces of 138 mm model 1934 (4×2), 2×37 mm AA (2×1), 4×13.2 mm AA (2×2), 10 TLT 550 mm (2×3, 2×2).Crew: 236. French Destroyers and Torpedo Boats. Their hull was very lightly built, and the heaviness of their armament caused stability problems. In sea trials, their machines proved to be relatively unreliable, the best speeds reached with forced heat (34.5 knots) were never approached in service. Below 600 tons, there were less manpower constraints either. WW2 French Destroyers Almost 20 years of development. 12 ships total (Typhoon, Simoun, Thunderstorm, Tramontane, Hurricane, Cyclone, Storm, Mistral, Tornado, Gale, Sirocco, Trombe), were started in 1923, launched in 1924- 25 and completed in 1925-26. France and Italy thought that torpedo boats were still relevant in the Mediterranean, where sea conditions are often milder than in the Atlantic, and shorter ranges are common, allowing ships of smaller radius to operate effectively. Their dimensions and displacement were a leap forward, and this “standard” passed the 1800 tons mark. She was experimental, 950 tons fully loaded, with four funnels, a raised forecastle, 26,000 hp for 33 knots with Parsons turbines. Four others were never completed. They announced the upcoming super-destroyers of the Mogador class. (DD-17) Smith 18. The Albatross, badly damaged in the harbor, was judged recoverable, salvaged and repaired, and later integrated to the FNFL as a training ship until 1950. Operational career: The Aigle, Vautour and Gerfaut were scuttled in Toulon in November 1942 during German operation “Lila” (they were subsequently salvaged by the Axis, but an allied raid in 1943 destroyed them for good), the other three were in Casablanca during Operation Torch, and were ordered to sail and attack the Allied landing fleet. As a result of the reports, they were to be completely revised in January 1939, but the war did not allowed it. WW2 Original ACME Telephoto French Destroyers Scuttled at Toulon 6 x 9 Photo. (DD-2) Barry 3. graduate Destroyers (DD) National Archive # 19-N-31243.  Starting with the Chacal class in the 1920s, France produced a series of six classes of large destroyers, known in French as contre-torpilleurs, that were designed to sink opposing cruisers by catching them with superior speed and then with their torpedoes. This second series of standard destroyers called “1500 tons”, including 14 ships, started in 1925-28 and launched in 1926 to 1929, into service between 1928 and 1931. Their stern was adapted to minelaying. Crew: 92. Very close, they still have new model 1927 semi-automatic guns, and implemented the first stereo rangefinders. In addition, the turrets were heavy and caused stability issues detrimental as gun platforms. These six destroyers, succeeding the long series of “four pipes”, were heavy squadron leaders planned for the new generation of 1935 to 1945, significantly larger, roomier, more powerful and faster, with new 140 mm cal. The first were initiated in the 1922 programme, following the Washington treaty. The new Indret booster boilers claimed 3,500 kilopascals (510 psi), together with state-of-the art Rateau-Bretagne turbines giving a total of 46,000 hp each, allowing a top speed of over 43 knots (trials). Operational career: Their long operational career was not the most glorious: The Bison was sunk in operations in Norway on March 3, 1940 by the Luftwaffe, and the other five, having been based in Mediterranean were repatriated in Toulon and scuttled on November 27, 1942. They were subsequently sunk by the Germans or the allies. Operational in 1932-34, they were the best and last of the “2400 tons”, also called “four pipers”. At the outbreak of World War II, the German Kriegsmarine had a total of 21 operational destroyers, compared to the 260 vessels of the French and British allies. They carried five heavy 5.5" guns in what would become the preferred 2-1-2 single mount configuration. The ships assigned to the FNFL in 1943 had in addition one 40mm gun and three 20mm AA of the American Oerlikon model and additional ASW launchers, as well as an ASDIC. They were fast and good steamers, the Cassard managing to sustain 43 knots in trials. Also equipped by these were the Athene and Engadine aircraft transports, LCG(L)3 and LCG(L), and the the French destroyers Mistral and Ouragan under British control, as rearmed. The Mogador were even more powerful and larger than previous destroyers and were to serve as scouts for the Dunkirk and Strasbourg, rather than as squadron leader, which explains a production limited to two units, but also their stronger construction, adapted to the North Atlantic, and much their higher range. The FR22 was scuttled at La Spezia during the same Italian surrender. Author’s illustration of the Audacieux in June 1940. Another class of torpedo boats was planned to succeed them, the “Le Fier”. Learn how your comment data is processed. In 1943, the Italians salvaged several ships, renamed the FR33 to 37, transferred to Genoa. The Chevalier Paul, after some service in the Atlantic, was like the others transferred to the Mediterranean. Units still in service rom 1942 had a 25mm gun and two additional 13.2mm AA machine guns in place of their TT rear bank, and some lost their third 130mm gun. Introducing the French destroyers: everything you need to know to achieve victory. There are a total of [ 138 ] Destroyers (Navy Ships) entries in the Military Factory. The French had built beautiful and revolutionary ships to challenge Fascist Italy in the Mediterranean as well as assist the Royal Navy in the Atlantic and around the world. However completion work dragged on for lack of time, equipment, personnel and sabotage. Operational career: Railleuse (“Scoundrel”) was the first French destroyer lost, March 24, 1940, destroyed by an accidental torpedo explosion in Casablanca. the U.S. Army did not envision the tank destroyer as another tank. The following is a list of destroyers of France. 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